ERIC Number: EJ1082841
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
Measuring Inequality of Opportunity in Education by Combining Information on Coverage and Achievement in PISA
Gamboa, Luis Fernando; Waltenberg, Fábio D.
Educational Assessment, v20 n4 p320-337 2015
Measuring the distance between countries and the goal of equality of opportunity in education has been the focus of recent contributions in the economic literature, which have concentrated either on intergroup gaps in access to a given level of studies or on intergroup gaps in educational achievement. We argue that both aspects are important and interrelated and, as a consequence, should be measured simultaneously and combined in a composite index of equality of opportunity in education. Employing recent PISA data for a selected set of countries, rank reversals are observed with respect to orderings based upon a single dimension. The index can be generalized to include further dimensions, such as average scores or dissimilarity in access.
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Comparative Education, Achievement Gap, Indexes, Serial Ordering, Foreign Countries, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Measurement, Generalization, Achievement Tests, Equations (Mathematics), Scores
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Argentina; Brazil; Canada; Chile; Colombia; Finland; Mexico; Portugal; South Korea; Spain; Uruguay
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment