ERIC Number: EJ1082681
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
University of Utrecht 1636-1676: "Res Ecclesia, Res Publica and … Res Pecunia"
van Rinsum, Henk; Koops, Willem
History of Education, v45 n1 p1-17 2016
The early history of Utrecht University (founded 1636) reflects an emerging public sphere (Habermas's "bürgerliche öffentlichkeit") of a major town in the Netherlands. This public sphere was a contested field among the different groups establishing and administering the university: university professors, town magistrates and representatives of the newly established Reformed Church and the former dominant Catholic Church. The factionalised magistrates developed a public sphere, while also trying to limit the passionate but destabilising debate concerning the new philosophy of Descartes. They supported the Calvinistic anti-Descartes movement while permitting, and even advocating, the establishment of the new philosophy at the university. They ambivalently protected the academy from the consistory's control while simultaneously trying to safeguard their own (financial) position. It is concluded that the Habermasian framework has to be fleshed out in local histories, such as this case study of Utrecht University, to demonstrate the "messy" complexities in reality.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Catholics, Churches, Philosophy, Universities, Educational History, College Faculty, Educational Philosophy, Guidelines, Case Studies, Educational Administration, Public Officials
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands