ERIC Number: EJ1082555
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 64
An Effective Neurofeedback Intervention to Improve Social Interactions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Friedrich, Elisabeth V. C.; Sivanathan, Aparajithan; Lim, Theodore; Suttie, Neil; Louchart, Sandy; Pillen, Steven; Pineda, Jaime A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n12 p4084-4100 Dec 2015
Neurofeedback training (NFT) approaches were investigated to improve behavior, cognition and emotion regulation in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thirteen children with ASD completed pre-/post-assessments and 16 NFT-sessions. The NFT was based on a game that encouraged social interactions and provided feedback based on imitation and emotional responsiveness. Bidirectional training of EEG mu suppression and enhancement (8-12 Hz over somatosensory cortex) was compared to the standard method of enhancing mu. Children learned to control mu rhythm with both methods and showed improvements in (1) electrophysiology: increased mu suppression, (2) emotional responsiveness: improved emotion recognition and spontaneous imitation, and (3) behavior: significantly better behavior in every-day life. Thus, these NFT paradigms improve aspects of behavior necessary for successful social interactions.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Medicine, Intervention, Biofeedback, Feedback (Response), Outcomes of Treatment, Imitation, Emotional Response, Instructional Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A