ERIC Number: EJ1082492
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Ecuador: A Pilot Study in Quito
Dekkers, Laura M.; Groot, Norbert A.; Díaz Mosquera, Elena N.; Andrade Zúñiga, Ivonne P.; Delfos, Martine F.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n12 p4165-4173 Dec 2015
This research presents the results of the first phase of the study on the prevalence of pupils with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in regular education in Quito, Ecuador. One-hundred-and-sixty-one regular schools in Quito were selected with a total of 51,453 pupils. Prevalence of ASD was assessed by an interview with the rector of the school or its delegate. Results show an extremely low prevalence of 0.11 % of pupils with any ASD diagnosis; another 0.21 % were suspected to have ASD, but were without a diagnosis. This low prevalence suggests that children and adolescents with ASD are not included in regular education in Quito. These results are discussed in the light of low diagnostic identification of ASD and low inclusion tolerance.
Descriptors: Incidence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Mainstreaming, Foreign Countries, Children, Adolescents
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ecuador