ERIC Number: EJ1082459
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Violations of Personal Space in Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Williams Syndrome: Insights from the Social Responsiveness Scale
Lough, Emma; Hanley, Mary; Rodgers, Jacqui; South, Mikle; Kirk, Hannah; Kennedy, Daniel P.; Riby, Deborah M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n12 p4101-4108 Dec 2015
Interpersonal distance regulation is crucial for successful social interactions. We investigated personal space awareness in Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to typical development. Parents reported that individuals with WS and ASD were significantly more likely than those developing typically to invade the personal space of others. WS individuals were reported to have the least awareness of the personal space boundaries of others. Despite the suggested opposing social profiles of WS and ASD, some similarities are present in the ability, or indeed inability, to regulate interpersonal distance during social interactions. Findings are discussed in relation to implications of atypical amygdala function, inhibitory control and anxiety on real-world behaviour for such socially vulnerable groups.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Personal Space, Comparative Analysis, Interpersonal Competence, Brain, Inhibition, Anxiety, Behavior Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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