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ERIC Number: EJ1082401
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Simplified Application of Material Efficiency Green Metrics to Synthesis Plans: Pedagogical Case Studies Selected from "Organic Syntheses"
Andraos, John
Journal of Chemical Education, v92 n11 p1820-1830 Nov 2015
This paper presents a simplified approach for the application of material efficiency metrics to linear and convergent synthesis plans encountered in organic synthesis courses. Computations are facilitated and automated using intuitively designed Microsoft Excel spreadsheets without invoking abstract mathematical formulas. The merits of this approach include (a) direct application of green chemistry principles to synthesis planning; (b) strongly linking green metrics calculations and synthesis strategy; (c) pinpoint identification of strengths and weaknesses of any synthesis plan's material efficiency performance using effective visual aids; (d) in-depth quantitative and qualitative critiquing of synthesis plan performance and strategy; and (e) giving opportunities to students to offer insightful suggestions to improve or "green up" published procedures based on their growing personal database of chemical reactions as they continue their education in chemistry. An extensive database of over 600 examples taken from Organic Syntheses was created as a repository of reliable examples that instructors can draw upon to create meaningful classroom pedagogical exercises and homework problem sets that couple material efficiency green metrics analyses and traditional learning of organic chemistry.
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A