ERIC Number: EJ1082397
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Preparation for College General Chemistry: More than Just a Matter of Content Knowledge Acquisition
Cracolice, Mark S.; Busby, Brittany D.
Journal of Chemical Education, v92 n11 p1790-1797 Nov 2015
This study investigates the potential of five factors that may be predictive of success in college general chemistry courses: prior knowledge of common alternate conceptions, intelligence, scientific reasoning ability, proportional reasoning ability, and attitude toward chemistry. We found that both prior knowledge and scientific reasoning ability were significantly correlated with students' performance on the American Chemical Society Division of Chemical Education Examinations Institute First Term General Chemistry Examination. Given that scientific reasoning ability was significantly correlated with final exam performance and that its impact is not broadly known in the chemistry teaching community, we then discuss the implications for facilitating the development of reasoning ability in college preparatory high school chemistry courses and college preparatory chemistry courses.
Descriptors: College Preparation, College Science, Chemistry, Prior Learning, Science Activities, Science Tests, Constructivism (Learning), Learning Theories, Secondary School Science, Undergraduate Students, Pretests Posttests, Scientific Concepts, Knowledge Level, Scientific Literacy, Intelligence Tests, Scientific Attitudes, Multiple Regression Analysis, Science Achievement
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A