ERIC Number: EJ1082344
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
An Exploratory Analysis of the Equity of Ohio School Funding
Sweetland, Scott R.
Journal of Education Finance, v40 n1 p80-100 Sum 2014
This research briefly summarizes a series of Ohio Supreme Court litigation known as "DeRolph v. State" and then measures the equality of expenditures among Ohio school districts. "DeRolph v. State" was a high-profile school finance adequacy case. Nevertheless, the high court continuously expressed concern for the financial well-being of poor school districts and notated that school finance equity was important to the provision of educational opportunities. This exploratory study examines school district expenditures per pupil, taxable property valuations per pupil, and school district average incomes to reveal patterns of school district spending and local fiscal capacity. Analytical methods that were employed in the study included quartile analysis, ratio analysis, and the calculation of selected statewide measurements of equity. Results of the study demonstrate that the system of Ohio school funding was not equitable. The results also demonstrate that school finance equity decreased over time. Conclusive commentary proposes an equity intervention that would bring all school districts up to the statewide average expenditure per pupil. Speculation suggests that, at least in Ohio, the statewide average expenditure might prove to be a good estimate of the dollar amount required to provide adequate schooling.
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, Educational Finance, Court Litigation, School District Spending, Expenditure per Student, Educational Equity (Finance), Financial Support, School Taxes, Fiscal Capacity, School District Wealth, Income, Justice, Equal Education, Financial Policy, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Distributions
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A