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ERIC Number: EJ1082331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0098-9495
Do Countywide LEAs Allocate Expenditures Differently from Community-Centric LEAs? Evidence from National Center for Education Statistics Common Core Data
DeLuca, Thomas A.
Journal of Education Finance, v40 n3 p222-252 Win 2015
As K-12 (kindergarten through twelfth grade) local education agencies (LEAs) face continued fiscal pressure, noninstructional service consolidation advocates point to states like Florida, with its countywide school systems, as an example of LEAs exploiting scale economies to reduce per-pupil spending, especially in administration and other noninstructional services. This exploratory study uses National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Common Core Data (US Department of Education 2009, 2011) to compare per-pupil spending in states where school districts are organized either by single-LEA counties (e.g., Florida, Maryland) or multiple LEAs per county (e.g., Kansas, Michigan, New York). The findings suggest that, when comparing NCES Comparable Wage Index--adjusted per-pupil spending between the two organizational models, per-pupil spending is significantly lower in general administration and business services, which is expected. However, the results also show statistically significant lower instructional spending in single-LEA counties compared with multiple-LEA counties. Interestingly, when focusing on the proportion of current operating expenditures (COE) allocated to instruction, the findings suggest that local districts in states with single-LEA counties allocate a higher proportion of their COE to instruction than multi-LEA counties. [This research was presented at the 2014 NEFC in Louisville, Kentucky.]
University of Illinois Press. 1325 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820-6903. Tel: 217-244-0626; Fax: 217-244-8082; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A