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ERIC Number: EJ1082317
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 34
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0098-9495
Supplemental Educational Services and Student Test Score Gains: Evidence from a Large, Urban School District
Springer, Matthew G.; Pepper, Matthew J.; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie
Journal of Education Finance, v39 n4 p370-403 Spr 2014
This study examines the effect of supplemental education services (SES) on student test score gains and whether particular subgroups of students benefit more from NCLB tutoring services. Our sample includes information on students enrolled in third through eighth grades nested in 121 elementary and middle schools over a five-year period comprising the 2003-04 to 2007-08 school years. A total of 17 elementary and middle schools were required to offer SES at some point during the period under study, and 9,861 student-year pairings in the sample were eligible to receive SES. Although our preferred analytic approach takes advantage of panel data to implement an analysis strategy with student fixed effect regression methods, we also test the robustness of these estimates to a number of alternative approaches, including a comparison of student test score gains between current and future SES participants. We find consistently significant and positive average effects of SES on test score gains in mathematics. Results in reading tend to be insignificant. SES tutoring does not appear to disproportionately benefit a particular racial/ethnic group or ability level. Female students and students with disabilities appear to benefit more from participating in SES. SES has a significant, cumulative effect on students in both mathematics and reading. We also demonstrate that not accounting for content area of tutoring can cause downward bias in estimates of the SES treatment effect. Our findings are qualified on a couple of dimensions.
University of Illinois Press. 1325 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820-6903. Tel: 217-244-0626; Fax: 217-244-8082; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A040043
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Does Not Meet Evidence Standards