ERIC Number: EJ1082196
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
A Comparison of Community College Full-Time and Adjunct Faculties' Perceptions of Factors Associated with Grade Inflation
Schutz, Kelly R.; Drake, Brent M.; Lessner, Janet; Hughes, Gail F.
Journal of Continuing Higher Education, v63 n3 p180-192 2015
Grades historically have indicated student performance in college. Previous studies in the higher education literature, primarily conducted at four-year teaching institutions, have suggested reasons for grade inflation but have provided little supporting empirical data. This quantitative, non-experimental, comparative study used survey research to explore whether there is a difference in the degree to which full-time and adjunct faculties perceived themselves to be influenced by factors thought to be associated with grade inflation, specifically in a community college setting. Data analyzed from 1,559 full-time and adjunct faculty of a Midwestern community college in the United States indicated full-time faculty felt they were significantly more influenced by administration pressures than adjunct faculty in their grade assignment, whereas adjunct faculty reported being most often influenced by student concerns such as (a) personal circumstances, (b) academic anxieties, and (c) success after the course.
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Faculty, Adjunct Faculty, Teacher Attitudes, Grade Inflation, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Influences, Teacher Surveys, Measures (Individuals), Likert Scales
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A