ERIC Number: EJ1081870
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Typologies of Childhood Exposure to Violence: Associations with College Student Mental Health
Miller-Graff, Laura E.; Howell, Kathryn H.; Martinez-Torteya, Cecilia; Hunter, Erin C.
Journal of American College Health, v63 n8 p539-549 2015
Objective: This study examined typologies of childhood violence exposure (CVE) and the associations of profiles with current demographic characteristics and mental health in emerging adulthood. Participants: The study evaluated a sample of college students from 2 US geographic regions (Midwest, n = 195; Southeast, n = 200). Methods: An online questionnaire (collected 2013-2014) assessed CVE and current mental health. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies of CVE. Follow-up analyses were conducted to distinguish differences between typologies in demographic characteristics and mental health. Results: Four distinct profiles emerged: High-Exposed, Domestic-Exposed, Community-Exposed, and Low-Exposed. High- and Domestic-Exposed groups were more likely to be first-generation college students and to experience symptoms of psychopathology. Conclusions: This study offers a unique presentation of CVE profiles and a nuanced interpretation of their differential relationship to current demographic characteristics and mental health. It may befit university mental health initiatives to engage first-generation students and utilize comprehensive assessments of previous victimization.
Descriptors: Violence, Child Development, College Students, Mental Health, Classification, Individual Characteristics, Online Surveys, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Psychopathology, First Generation College Students, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Experience, Measures (Individuals), Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Victims, Anxiety, Stress Variables, Correlation, Child Abuse
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale