ERIC Number: EJ1081750
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
How the Initial Thinking Period Affects Student Argumentation during Peer Instruction: Students' Experiences versus Observations
Nielsen, Kjetil L.; Hansen, Gabrielle; Stav, John B.
Studies in Higher Education, v41 n1 p124-138 2016
The authors have compared students discussing multiple-choice quizzes during peer instruction with and without the initial thinking period before discussion. Video clips of students engaged in peer discussion in groups of three of varying group combinations, a total of 140 different students in all, were compared to students' own experiences extracted from group interviews (16 students in groups of four and a total of seven interviews) and survey results (109 responses). The initial thinking period was found to increase argumentation time during discussion, consistent with students' own experiences. However, while students felt that the initial thinking period increased participation and contribution of ideas among all group members, the authors only found significantly improved discussion for two out of three group members, those already most active. The research did not find any statistically significant difference for the least active students with or without the inclusion of the initial thinking period.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Peer Teaching, Interviews, Persuasive Discourse, Student Surveys, Student Participation, Audience Response Systems, Multiple Choice Tests, High School Students, Physics, Science Instruction, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Significance, Video Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway