ERIC Number: EJ1081626
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
Using the Health Belief Model to Understand School Nurse Asthma Management
Quaranta, Judith E.; Spencer, Gale A.
Journal of School Nursing, v31 n6 p430-440 Dec 2015
Ten million children in the United States have asthma. Since children are in school about 6 hr a day, school nurses are positioned to intervene and influence asthma outcomes. A descriptive correlational study was designed to investigate performance of school nurses' asthma management behaviors in relationship to asthma knowledge, asthma attitude, asthma self-efficacy, and rating of importance of asthma management behaviors. Results indicated that asthma attitude, asthma self-efficacy, and rating of importance of asthma management behaviors were associated with performance of asthma management behaviors. The higher the rating of importance of asthma management behaviors, the more likely school nurses were to perform the behaviors (p < 0.05). Higher levels of asthma self-efficacy were associated with performance of asthma management behaviors, indicating the importance of strengthening school nurses' asthma self-efficacy in asthma management. By understanding factors influencing performance of asthma management behaviors by school nurses, interventions can be implemented to increase asthma management behaviors, leading to improved outcomes for students with asthma.
Descriptors: Chronic Illness, Diseases, Child Health, School Nurses, Correlation, School Health Services, Self Efficacy, Knowledge Level, Attitudes, Health Promotion, Statistical Analysis, Barriers, Role, Self Management, Questionnaires, Likert Scales, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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