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ERIC Number: EJ1081388
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1925-4741
From Access to Success: Identity Contingencies & African-American Pathways to Science
Brown, Bryan A.; Henderson, J. Bryan; Gray, Salina; Donovan, Brian; Sullivan, Shayna
Higher Education Studies, v3 n1 p1-13 2013
We conducted a mixed-methodological study of matriculation issues for African-American students in science. The project compares the experiences of students currently majoring in science (N = 304) with the experiences of those who have succeeded in earning science degrees (N = 307). Using a 57-item Likert scale questionnaire, participants were asked about their experiences based on theories that are commonly used to explain matriculation issues ("Stereotype Threat," "Microaggressions," "Communities of Practice"). The results of the study revealed that although both groups recognized the major role of race in their experiences, the primary factor distinguishing between groups was a sense of alignment with the community ("Communities of Practice") and their differences with experiencing "Microaggressions." Those who achieved success were far more likely to report a weak sense of belonging and were far more likely to report experiences with "Microaggressions." By contrast, students were more likely to feel comfortable with the science community and less likely to report experiences with "Microaggressions." The findings of this study are indicative of the pervasive impact of racial bias and conflict as a gatekeeper in providing access to science careers.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A