ERIC Number: EJ1081161
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
The Effect of Retention Interval Task Difficulty on Young Children's Prospective Memory: Testing the Intention Monitoring Hypothesis
Mahy, Caitlin E. V.; Moses, Louis J.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v16 n5 p742-758 2015
The current study examined the impact of retention interval task difficulty on 4- and 5-year-olds' prospective memory (PM) to test the hypothesis that children periodically monitor their intentions during the retention interval and that disrupting this monitoring may result in poorer PM performance. In addition, relations among PM, working memory, theory of mind (ToM), and 2 types of planning were investigated. Children (N = 64) were randomly assigned to an easy or difficult filler task during the retention interval prior to the PM task. Five-year-olds outperformed 4-year-olds on the PM task, and children receiving the easy filler task outperformed those receiving the difficult filler task. Further, working memory, planning, and ToM were positively associated with PM for children receiving the difficult filler task but not for children receiving the easy filler task. Findings are interpreted with respect to the predictions of the intention monitoring hypothesis as well as the multiprocess framework of PM.
Descriptors: Retention (Psychology), Difficulty Level, Memory, Young Children, Hypothesis Testing, Intention, Intervals, Short Term Memory, Theory of Mind, Planning, Individual Differences, Executive Function
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A