ERIC Number: EJ1081154
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 78
Effects of a Brief Mindfulness-Based Intervention Program for Stress Management among Medical Students: The Mindful-Gym Randomized Controlled Study
Phang, Cheng Kar; Mukhtar, Firdaus; Ibrahim, Normala; Keng, Shian-Ling; Sidik, Sherina Mohd.
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v20 n5 p1115-1134 Dec 2015
Pursuing undergraduate medical training can be very stressful and academically challenging experience. A 5-week mindfulness-based stress management (MBSM/Mindful-Gym) program was developed to help medical students cope with stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing stress among students in a medical school in Malaysia. Seventy-five medical students participated in the program. They were stratified according to years of studies and randomly allocated to intervention (N = 37) and control groups (N = 38). The following outcome variables were measured at pre- and post-intervention: mindfulness (with Mindful Awareness Attention Scale); perceived stress (with Perceived Stress Scale); mental distress (with General Health Questionnaire), and self-efficacy (with General Self-efficacy Scale). Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to analyse the effect of group (intervention vs. control) on changes in the outcome variables. There were significant improvements at one week post-intervention in all outcome variables: mindfulness (ß = 0.19, ?R2 = 0.04, p = 0.040, f[superscript 2] = 0.05), perceived stress (ß = -0.26, ?R2 = 0.07, p = 0.009, f[superscript 2] = 0.10); mental distress (ß = -0.28, ?R2 = 0.10, p = 0.003, f[superscript 2] = 0.15); and self-efficacy (ß = 0.30, ?R2 = 0.09, p < 0.001, f[superscript 2] = 0.21). Six months after the intervention, those who had joined the program reported higher self-efficacy compared to those in the control group (ß = 0.24, ?R2 = 0.06, p = 0.020, f[superscript 2] = 0.08); but there was no difference in other outcome measures. More than 90% of the participants found the program applicable in helping patients and all reported that they would recommend it to others. This study indicates that the program is potentially an effective stress management program for medical students in Malaysia.
Descriptors: Medical Students, Intervention, Stress Management, Metacognition, Randomized Controlled Trials, Undergraduate Students, Program Effectiveness, Pretests Posttests, Self Efficacy, Multiple Regression Analysis, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia