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ERIC Number: EJ1080585
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Associations between Private Speech, Behavioral Self-Regulation, and Cognitive Abilities
Aro, Tuija; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Laakso, Marja-Leena; Tolvanen, Asko; Ahonen, Timo
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v39 n6 p508-518 Nov 2015
We examined the associations between 5-year-old children's private speech, behavioural self-regulation, and cognitive abilities. Behavioural self-regulation was assessed using parental and preschool teacher questionnaires. Cognitive abilities (i.e., language, inhibition, planning and fluency, and memory) were assessed with neurocognitive tests, and the effectiveness of private speech (i.e., whether the child performs better when using speech than when not using speech) with the Hammer Task. About 43% of the children used private speech spontaneously, and about 76% performed better on the Hammer Task when they used speech. Associations between behavioural self-regulation and speech effectiveness were few, but all cognitive scores were significantly associated with the speech effectiveness score, i.e., the poorer the child's neurocognitive test performance was, the more he/she benefited from using speech. The findings lend support to the relevance of children's cognitive abilities when seeking understanding on the development, use, and effectiveness of private speech.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales; Digit Span Test; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A