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ERIC Number: EJ1080395
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Orthographic and Phonological Form Interference during Silent Reading
Price, Iya Khelm; Witzel, Naoko; Witzel, Jeffrey
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v41 n6 p1628-1647 Nov 2015
This study reports 2 eye-tracking experiments investigating form interference during sentence-level silent reading. The items involved reduced and unreduced relative clauses (RCs) with words that were orthographically and phonologically similar "(injection-infection"; O+P+, Experiment 1) as well as with words that were orthographically similar, but phonologically dissimilar ("laughter-daughter"; O+P-, Experiment 2). Both experiments revealed syntactic processing disruptions for reduced RCs. Processing difficulty was also observed at the form-related word in both experiments under first-pass and second-pass reading measures. These form-interference effects did not interact with structural processing difficulty under first-pass measures in either experiment. Under second-pass time, there were larger processing disruptions for reduced RCs in O+P+ sentences relative to their controls. This was not the case, however, for O+P- sentences. These results suggest 2 components to form-interference effects during silent reading: (a) an early, low-level component that is driven in large part by visual form overlap and (b) a component that relates to late stages of interpretation and that is associated more closely with phonological form overlap.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A