ERIC Number: EJ1080208
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
The Historical Development of Private Education in Canada
MacKay, Brenda; Firmin, Michael W.
Education Research and Perspectives, v35 n2 p57-72 2008
The Canadian educational system has been influenced by geography, population, and natural resources. In some provinces, denominational schools exist within the public school system. Although committed to a multiethnic society, private education also exists within the larger system, with religious or Christian schools considered a subset of private education. The early French and British immigrants to Canada shaped the educational system and their influence is still evident in the contemporary educational milieu, including the dual-language system and the adoption of a multicultural model. The Roman Catholic and Church of England influences were particularly strong since, unlike education in America, religion was integrated into public education. Canadian educational history passed through several stages with both public and provincially funded education under the direction of provincial governments. These included church-controlled education (1700s to mid 1800s); a more centralized authority, universal free education, and taxation at the local level (mid 1800s); the creation of provincial departments of education, a more consistent curriculum, better trained teachers, continued local taxation together with provincial grants (late 1800s to 1900); and from 1900 to the present day, the creation of Ministers of Education in each province and provincial governments playing an increasingly significant role in the shaping of policy and administration.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Private Education, Church Role, Role of Religion, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Language of Instruction, Multicultural Education, Influences
University of Western Australia. 35 Stirling Highway Crawley, Perth, 6009 Australia. Tel: +61-8-6488-2388; Fax: +61-8-6488-1052; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.education.uwa.edu.au
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada