ERIC Number: EJ1079877
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 71
Prenatal Caloric Intake and the Development of Academic Achievement among U.S. Children from Ages 5 to 14
Connolly, Eric J.; Beaver, Kevin M.
Child Development, v86 n6 p1738-1758 Nov-Dec 2015
Few studies have examined the relation between maternal caloric intake during pregnancy and growth in child academic achievement while controlling for important confounding influences. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, the current study examined the effects of reduced prenatal caloric intake on growth in scores on the Peabody Individual Achievement Test from ages 5 to 14. While models controlling for within-family covariates showed that prenatal caloric intake was associated with lower reading and mathematical achievement at age 5, models controlling for between-family covariates (such as maternal IQ) and unobserved familial confounders revealed only a statistically significant association between siblings differentially exposed to prenatal caloric intake and mathematical achievement at age 5.
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Young Children, Preadolescents, Adolescents, Correlation, Models, Predictor Variables, Statistical Significance, Siblings, Mathematics Achievement, Eating Habits, Dietetics, Prenatal Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth; Peabody Individual Achievement Test