ERIC Number: EJ1079583
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Procedures for Obtaining and Analyzing Writing Samples of School-Age Children and Adolescents
Price, Johanna R.; Jackson, Sandra C.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v46 n4 p277-293 Oct 2015
Purpose: Many students' writing skills are below grade-level expectations, and students with oral language difficulties are at particular risk for writing difficulties. Speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') expertise in language applies to both the oral and written modalities, yet evidence suggests that SLPs' confidence regarding writing assessment is low. Writing samples are a clinically useful, criterion-referenced assessment technique that is relevant to helping students satisfy writing-related requirements of the Common Core State Standards (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices and Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010a). This article provides recommendations for obtaining and analyzing students' writing samples. Method: In this tutorial, the authors provide a comprehensive literature review of methods regarding (a) collection of writing samples from narrative, expository (informational/explanatory), and persuasive (argument) genres; (b) variables of writing performance that are useful to assess; and (c) manual and computer-aided techniques for analyzing writing samples. The authors relate their findings to expectations for writing skills expressed in the Common Core State Standards (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010a). Conclusion: SLPs can readily implement many techniques for obtaining and analyzing writing samples. The information in this article provides SLPs with recommendations for the use of writing samples and may help increase SLPs' confidence regarding written language assessment.
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Writing (Composition), Writing Evaluation, Common Core State Standards, Writing Skills, Literature Reviews, Expository Writing, Persuasive Discourse, Writing Achievement, Evaluation Methods
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://lshss.asha.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A