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ERIC Number: EJ1079449
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
The Top and Bottom of Leadership and Change
Hargreaves, Andy; Ainscow, Mel
Phi Delta Kappan, v97 n3 p42-48 Nov 2015
All versions of top-down reform have an Achilles heel: Their focus on delivering the details of two or three measurable priorities is suitable only for systems pursuing traditional and comparatively narrow achievement goals. A digital age of complex skills, cultural diversity, and high-speed change calls for more challenging educational goals and more sophisticated and flexible change strategies. The authors assess and discuss large-scale reform efforts in England and in Ontario, Canada as examples of how a leading from the middle approach can be effective and superior to other approaches.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Canada; United Kingdom (England)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A