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ERIC Number: EJ1079110
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0142-7237
The Role of Explicit Contrast in Adjective Acquisition: A Cross-Linguistic Longitudinal Study of Adjective Production in Spontaneous Child Speech and Parental Input
Tribushinina, Elena; van den Bergh, Huub; Kilani-Schoch, Marianne; Aksu-Koç, Ayhan; Dabašinskiene, Ineta; Hrzica, Gordana; Korecky-Kröll, Katharina; Noccetti, Sabrina; Dressler, Wolfgang
First Language, v33 n6 p594-616 Dec 2013
Experimental studies demonstrate that contrast helps toddlers to extend the meanings of novel adjectives. This study explores whether antonym co-occurrence in spontaneous speech also has an effect on adjective use by the child. The authors studied adjective production in longitudinal speech samples from 16 children (16-36 months) acquiring eight different languages. Adjectives in child speech and child-directed speech were coded as either unrelated or related to a contrastive term in the preceding context. Results show large differences between children in the growth of adjective production. These differences are strongly related to contrast use. High contrast users not only increase adjective use earlier, but also reach a stable level of adjective production in the investigated period. Average or low contrast users increase their adjective production more slowly and do not reach a plateau in the period covered by this study. Initially there is a strong relation between contrast use in child speech and child-directed speech, but this relation diminishes with age.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A