ERIC Number: EJ1079066
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Children with Word Finding Difficulties: Continuities and Profiles of Abilities
Messer, David; Dockrell, Julie E.
First Language, v33 n5 p433-448 Oct 2013
Word finding difficulties (WFDs) occur in more than a quarter of children who are receiving speech and language therapy. This study provides the first investigation of the continuity in WFDs and investigates whether WFDs are associated with phonological or semantically related abilities. Thirty-eight children with WFDs were seen at age 7;0 and at 9;8. Standardized assessments of word finding, language and literacy were administered. The children's WFDs and other language abilities showed high levels of stability. Despite their WFDs, many children had standardized scores of phonological awareness, decoding and spelling in the typical range. In contrast, semantic fluency was particularly impaired, and WFDs were a significant predictor of reading comprehension. Cluster analysis indicated that there was one group of children with a profile similar to "poor comprehenders" and a second with depressed language scores indicative of specific language impairment. The relevance of these findings to understanding the causes of WFDs is discussed.
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Reading Difficulties, Reading Ability, Children, Language Impairments, Speech Therapy, Phonological Awareness, Standardized Tests, Scores, Decoding (Reading), Spelling, Reading Fluency, Semantics, Reading Comprehension, Predictor Variables, Multivariate Analysis, Nonverbal Ability, Articulation (Speech), Intelligence Tests, Language Tests, Reading Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices; British Ability Scales; Woodcock Reading Mastery Test