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ERIC Number: EJ1078964
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
Assessing the Clinical Skills of Dental Students: A Review of the Literature
Taylor, Carly L.; Grey, Nick; Satterthwaite, Julian D.
Journal of Education and Learning, v2 n1 p20-31 2013
Education, from a student perspective, is largely driven by assessment. An effective assessment tool should be both valid and reliable, yet this is often not achieved. The aim of this literature review is to identify and appraise the evidence base for assessment tools used primarily in evaluating clinical skills of dental students. Methods: MEDLINE was searched for all relevant articles from January 1950-January 2011 published in the English language. References of the articles were then hand searched. This review begins with a brief outline of the student learning process and the aim of assessment. The tools available for both formative and summative assessments are discussed, with particular reference to those used in assessing dental students' clinical ability. The problems of subjectivity and assessor variability associated with traditional teacher-led assessments are highlighted. Methods which have attempted to overcome these problems, such as the use of checklists and training are then discussed. The benefits and shortcomings of the use of students as assessors, both in self and peer assessment are reviewed. Finally, the use of objective assessment methods involving opto-electronic and haptic technology is considered.
Descriptors: Dental Schools, Literature Reviews, Evaluation Methods, Formative Evaluation, Summative Evaluation, Peer Evaluation, Tests, Evaluators, Check Lists, Student Evaluation, College Students, Dentistry, Dental Evaluation, Technology Uses in Education
Canadian Center of Science and Education. 1120 Finch Avenue West Suite 701-309, Toronto, OH M3J 3H7, Canada. Tel: 416-642-2606; Fax: 416-642-2608; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jel
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A