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ERIC Number: EJ1078787
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0142-7237
Learning Words from Labeling and Directive Speech
Callanan, Maureen A.; Akhtar, Nameera; Sussman, Lisa
First Language, v34 n5 p450-461 Oct 2014
Despite the common intuition that labeling may be the best way to teach a new word to a child, systematic testing is needed of the prediction that children learn words better from labeling utterances than from directive utterances. Two experiments compared toddlers' label learning in the context of hearing words used in directive versus labeling utterances. In Study 1 (N = 64) 24-month-olds learned a novel label equally well from directive and labeling utterances, whereas 18-month-olds only learned in the labeling context. When the novel label was placed at the end of a directive utterance in Study 2 (N = 16), even 18-month-olds were able to learn it. These findings highlight young children's flexibility in interpreting words in a variety of contexts, and the importance of considering the various linguistic and non-linguistic settings where words are encountered.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A