ERIC Number: EJ1078738
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 89
Does Classmate Ability Influence Students' Social Skills?
Gottfried, Michael A.
School Effectiveness and School Improvement, v26 n4 p554-585 2015
Empirically, the link between classmate ability and individual-level student achievement has been established. And yet, within the scope of this body of literature, there is a dearth of studies examining if a relationship also persists between classmate ability and non-achievement outcomes--that is, social skills. This article fills this research gap. By utilizing a nationally representative longitudinal dataset from the US (i.e., ECLS-K), the effect of the percentage of classmates performing below grade level is assessed on 5 commonly accepted social skills scales. The findings indicate that kindergarten and 1st-grade students in classrooms with a higher percentage of below-grade-level classmates have greater instances of negative social skills and fewer instances of positive social skills. The results are robust across multiple methodological approaches and tests of validity. Implications for policy and practice are addressed.
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Interpersonal Competence, Longitudinal Studies, Academic Achievement, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Robustness (Statistics), Validity, Influences, Surveys, Children, Correlation, Outcomes of Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 1
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey