ERIC Number: EJ1078658
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
Effect of Participatory Research on Farmers' Knowledge and Practice of IPM: The Case of Cotton in Benin
Togbé, Codjo Euloge; Haagsma, Rein; Aoudji, Augustin K. N.; Vodouhê, Simplice D.
Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, v21 n5 p421-440 2015
Purpose: This study assesses the effect of participatory research on farmers' knowledge and practice of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Benin. The participatory field experiments were carried out during the 2011-2012 cotton growing season, and focused on the development and application of pest management knowledge. Methodology: A "Difference-in-Differences" methodology was used to document the changes in farmers' knowledge and practices across the following season, 2012-2013. Of the 180 cotton growers sampled, 150 took part in the research, while 30 served as the control. Findings: Participation in the research increased farmers' ability to recognise pests and natural enemies and how to use thresholds and apply bio-pesticides. Increase in knowledge did not lead to any modification in the farmers' use of neem oil and the entomopathogen Beauveria, but it did lead to a significant change in threshold-based pesticide applications. Farmers seemed to want to reduce pest management costs, whatever the type of pesticide recommended (conventional or bio-based). Practical Implications: Development practitioners should be aware that changes in practices of IPM are not only knowledge driven. Other factors such as financial consideration and specific input availability are also needed for the success of an effective pest management strategy. Originality/Value: In any interactive process, the Difference-in-Differences methodology is an appropriate tool for an effective assessment of changes in farmers' knowledge and practices over time.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Participatory Research, Agricultural Occupations, Agriculture, Agricultural Skills, Knowledge Level, Animals, Poisoning, Agricultural Production, Field Studies, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Comparative Analysis, Costs, Predictor Variables, Regression (Statistics)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Benin