ERIC Number: EJ1078633
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 91
Neural Mechanisms of Emotion Regulation in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Richey, J. Anthony; Damiano, Cara R.; Sabatino, Antoinette; Rittenberg, Alison; Petty, Chris; Bizzell, Josh; Voyvodic, James; Heller, Aaron S.; Coffman, Marika C.; Smoski, Moria; Davidson, Richard J.; Dichter, Gabriel S.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n11 p3409-3423 Nov 2015
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by high rates of comorbid internalizing and externalizing disorders. One mechanistic account of these comorbidities is that ASD is characterized by impaired emotion regulation (ER) that results in deficits modulating emotional responses. We assessed neural activation during cognitive reappraisal of faces in high functioning adults with ASD. Groups did not differ in looking time, pupilometry, or subjective ratings of faces during reappraisal. However, instructions to increase positive and negative emotional responses resulted in less increase in nucleus accumbens and amygdala activations (respectively) in the ASD group, and both regulation instructions resulted in less change in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation in the ASD group. Results suggest a potential mechanistic account of impaired ER in ASD.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comorbidity, Emotional Disturbances, Self Control, Emotional Response, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Eye Movements
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A