ERIC Number: EJ1078627
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Concern for Another's Distress in Toddlers at High and Low Genetic Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Campbell, Susan B.; Leezenbaum, Nina B.; Schmidt, Emily N.; Day, Taylor N.; Brownell, Celia A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n11 p3594-3605 Nov 2015
We examined concern for others in 22-month-old toddlers with an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and low risk typically-developing toddlers with older siblings. Responses to a crying infant and an adult social partner who pretended to hurt her finger were coded. Children with a later diagnosis of ASD showed limited empathic concern in either context compared to low risk toddlers. High risk toddlers without a later diagnosis fell between the ASD and low risk groups. During the crying baby probe the low risk and high risk toddlers without a diagnosis engaged their parent more often than the toddlers with ASD. Low levels of empathic concern and engagement with parents may signal emerging ASD in toddlerhood.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers, Sibling Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Empathy, At Risk Persons, Clinical Diagnosis, Genetics, Coding
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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