ERIC Number: EJ1078619
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Female Autism Phenotypes Investigated at Different Levels of Language and Developmental Abilities
Howe, Yamini J.; O'Rourke, Julia A.; Yatchmink, Yvette; Viscidi, Emma W.; Jones, Richard N.; Morrow, Eric M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n11 p3537-3549 Nov 2015
This study investigated the differences in clinical symptoms between females and males with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) across three verbal ability groups (nonverbal, phrase and fluent speech), based on which Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule module was administered to 5723 individuals in four research datasets. In the Simons Simplex Collection and Autism Treatment Network, females with ASD and phrase or fluent speech had lower cognitive, adaptive, and social abilities than males. In the Autism Genetics Resource Exchange and the Autism Consortium, females with phrase or fluent speech had similar or better adaptive and social abilities than males. Females who were nonverbal had similar cognitive, adaptive, and social abilities as males. Population-based longitudinal studies of verbally fluent females with ASD are needed.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Gender Differences, Genetics, Speech, Language Fluency, Interpersonal Competence, Nonverbal Communication, Verbal Ability, Cognitive Ability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule