ERIC Number: EJ1078605
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
Can Connective Use Differentiate between Children with and without Specific Language Impairment?
Tribushinina, Elena; Dubinkina, Elena; Sanders, Ted
First Language, v35 n1 p3-26 Feb 2015
The ability of language-impaired children to maintain coherence by using discourse connectives has so far been assessed by quantitative measures. This study is a first attempt to scrutinize the "quality" of connective use in specific language impairment (SLI). The authors investigate whether Russian-speaking children reveal sensitivity to the subtle discourse-organizational distinctions between the quasi-synonymous connectives "i" "and" and "a" "and/but" in a narrative task. Study 1 compared connective use by 7-year-olds with and without SLI. The results demonstrate that connective frequencies do not differentiate between the two groups, but language-impaired children more often use connectives in a way that violates causal relations in the story. Study 2 assessed connective production by the same SLI participants 16 months later and also tested understanding of causal chains in a follow-up interview. The error rates remained high. These errors were not due to poor understanding of the story, since the language-impaired children answered the causal questions in the follow-up interview as well as their unimpaired peers did.
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Error Patterns, Attribution Theory, Interviews, Connected Discourse, Russian, Children, Discourse Analysis, Form Classes (Languages), Foreign Countries, Intelligence Tests, Coding, Statistical Analysis, Monolingualism, Error Analysis (Language), Qualitative Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia