ERIC Number: EJ1078600
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Science Self-Efficacy and School Transitions: Elementary School to Middle School, Middle School to High School
Lofgran, Brandi B.; Smith, Leigh K.; Whiting, Erin F.
School Science and Mathematics, v115 n7 p366-376 Nov 2015
This study examined the science self-efficacy beliefs of students at the transition from elementary school (Grade 6) to middle school (Grade 7) and the transition from middle school (Grade 8) to high school (Grade 9). The purpose was to determine whether students' perceived competence is impacted at these important school transitions and if the effect is mediated by gender and ethnicity. Science self-efficacy was measured through a modified Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children, which was adapted to focus specifically on science self-efficacy. Multiple ordinary least squares regression was used to analyze the data. Two models were developed, one using ninth grade as the comparison group and the other using sixth grade as the comparison group. In each model, the independent variables (grade level, gender, and ethnicity) were regressed on the dependent variable, science self-efficacy. The most striking finding was the large and significant decline in science self-efficacy scores for ninth graders at the transition to high school. We also found that females and Hispanic students had lower scores across grades as compared to males and Caucasians. How these results relate to existing studies, and implications for practice and future research are discussed.
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Science Achievement, Competence, Articulation (Education), Questionnaires, Least Squares Statistics, Grade 9, Grade 6, Ethnicity, Cohort Analysis, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Test Score Decline, Grades (Scholastic), Models, Sustainability, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; High Schools; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A