ERIC Number: EJ1078344
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Text Structure, Reading Goals and Epistemic Beliefs on Conceptual Change
Trevors, Gregory; Muis, Krista R.
Journal of Research in Reading, v38 n4 p361-386 Nov 2015
We investigated the online and offline effects of learner and instructional characteristics on conceptual change of a robust misconception in science. Fifty-nine undergraduate university students with misconceptions about evolution were identified as espousing evaluativist or non-evaluativist epistemic beliefs in science. Participants were randomly assigned to receive a traditional or refutational text that discussed a misconception in evolution and a general comprehension or elaborative interrogation reading goal. Participants' cognitive and metacognitive processes while reading were measured using a think-aloud protocol. Postreading, participants' correct and incorrect conceptual knowledge were separately assessed with a transference essay. Results showed that text structure and reading goals affected cognitive conflict, coherence-building and elaborative processing while reading and promoted correct conceptual knowledge included in essays but failed to affect the inclusion of misconceptions. Further, participants with evaluativist epistemic beliefs engaged in fewer comprehension monitoring processes and were more likely to adapt their coherence-building processes according to reading goals than their non-evaluativist counterparts, but epistemic belief groups did not differ in the content of the posttest essay. Theoretical and educational implications of these findings are discussed.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Characteristics, Attitude Change, Scientific Attitudes, Misconceptions, Evolution, Epistemology, Beliefs, Reading Comprehension, Text Structure, Metacognition, Protocol Analysis, Knowledge Level, Essays, Conflict, Pretests Posttests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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