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ERIC Number: EJ1078198
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Dec
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1305-8223
Examining the Differences of Linear Systems between Finnish and Taiwanese Textbooks
Yang, Der-Ching; Lin, Yung-Chi
EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, v11 n6 p1265-1281 Dec 2015
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between Finnish and Taiwanese textbooks for grades 7 to 9 on the topic of solving systems of linear equations (simultaneous equations). The specific textbooks examined were TK in Taiwan and FL in Finland. The content analysis method was used to examine (a) the teaching sequence, (b) application types, (c) representation forms, (d) response types, and (e) level of cognitive demand. The main difference between the Finnish and Taiwanese textbooks was that the Finnish textbooks introduced the topic of linear systems using a graphical approach, while the Taiwanese textbooks used an algebraic approach. Results also showed that the Taiwanese textbooks had fewer problems, but more challenging problems requiring a higher level of cognitive demand; the Finnish textbooks had more authentic application problems, and even more problems were displayed in visual forms. In addition, the Taiwanese textbooks had more open-ended problems, particularly problems asking students to explore or explain, whereas the Finnish textbooks did not have exploration problems. The topic of linear systems was also taught earlier in Taiwanese textbooks. Implications of this study and suggestions for future studies are discussed.
EURASIA. Gazi Egitim Fakultesi, K Blok 210, Teknikokullar, Ankara, 06500 Turkey. Tel: +90-312-202-8192; Fax: +90-312-222-8483; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; Taiwan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A