ERIC Number: EJ1077924
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
The Role of Schooling in Perpetuating Educational Inequality: An International Perspective
Schmidt, William H.; Burroughs, Nathan A.; Zoido, Pablo; Houang, Richard T.
Educational Researcher, v44 n7 p371-386 Oct 2015
In this paper, student-level indicators of opportunity to learn (OTL) included in the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment are used to explore the joint relationship of OTL and socioeconomic status (SES) to student mathematics literacy. Using multiple methods, we find consistent evidence that (a) OTL has a significant relationship to student outcomes, (b) a positive relationship exists between SES and OTL, and (c) roughly a third of the SES relationship to literacy is due to its association with OTL. These relationships hold across most countries and both within and between schools within countries. Our findings suggest that in most countries, the organization and policies defining content exposure may exacerbate educational inequalities.
Descriptors: Equal Education, School Role, Educational Opportunities, Educational Indicators, Socioeconomic Status, Numeracy, Mathematics Achievement, Mixed Methods Research, Evidence, Correlation, Outcomes of Education, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Curriculum
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Asia; South America; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment