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ERIC Number: EJ1077862
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
Introspection on Uncertainty and Judicious Help-Seeking during the Preschool Years
Coughlin, Christine; Hembacher, Emily; Lyons, Kristen E.; Ghetti, Simona
Developmental Science, v18 n6 p957-971 Nov 2015
Little is known about the mechanisms underlying a ubiquitous behavior in preschoolers, help-seeking. We tested the hypothesis that preschoolers' awareness of their own uncertainty is associated with help-seeking. Three-, 4-, and 5-year-olds (N = 125) completed a perceptual identification task twice: once independently and once when they could request help from a confederate whose competence level was manipulated. Consistent with our hypothesis, participants sought help more frequently on trials for which, when required to answer independently, they expressed lower confidence. Children in the bad-helper condition were slower to respond after receiving help than those in the good-helper condition. Finally, females and children with more advanced theory of mind were more likely to seek help, identifying additional factors that relate to help-seeking.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: BCS 0843428