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ERIC Number: EJ1077354
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1449-6313
Language-Based Reasoning in Primary Science
Hackling, Mark; Sherriff, Barbara
Teaching Science, v61 n2 p14-25 Jun 2015
Language is critical in the mediation of scientific reasoning, higher-order thinking and the development of scientific literacy. This study investigated how an exemplary primary science teacher scaffolds and supports students' reasoning during a Year 4 materials unit. Lessons captured on video, teacher and student interviews and micro-ethnographic analysis of classroom discourse reveal a sophisticated repertoire of teacher practices focusing on the development of language, conceptual understanding and reasoning within a classroom culture that supports reasoned arguments. The integration of conversation threads supporting language and conceptual development, syntactical and metacognitive scaffolds, prompts and self-regulation strategies extend the opportunities for scientific reasoning. Recommendations are made for adopting strategies that enhance opportunities for reasoning in primary science lessons.
Australian Science Teachers Association. P.O. Box 334, Deakin West, ACT 2600, Australia. Tel: +61-02-6282-9377; Fax: +61-02-6282-9477; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A