ERIC Number: EJ1077220
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
How Does Sexual Identity Disclosure Impact School Experiences?
Watson, Ryan J.; Wheldon, Christopher W.; Russell, Stephen T.
Journal of LGBT Youth, v12 n4 p385-396 2015
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals disproportionately report negative academic outcomes and experiences as a result of stigma and discrimination. No research to date has investigated how being out in different social relationships may affect these youth. We compare youth who are out to family, friends, and people at school to understand which patterns of disclosure are related to school experiences. More complex patterns of "outness" were associated with lower academic achievement and more harassment, whereas being out to no one or everyone was associated with the best outcomes. These findings have important implications for scholars, stakeholders, and counselors.
Descriptors: Homosexuality, Sexual Orientation, Sexual Identity, Academic Achievement, Social Bias, Social Attitudes, Social Discrimination, Youth, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Bullying, Middle School Students, High School Students, Surveys, Clubs, Youth Programs, Adolescents, Grades (Scholastic)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; High Schools
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: DGE-1143953