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ERIC Number: EJ1077174
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Changes in Study Strategies of Medical Students between Basic Science Courses and Clerkships Are Associated with Performance
Ensminger, David C.; Hoyt, Amy E.; Chandrasekhar, Arcot J.; McNulty, John A.
Journal of Education and Learning, v2 n4 p77-86 2013
We tested the hypothesis that medical students change their study strategies when transitioning from basic science courses to clerkships, and that their study practices are associated with performance scores. Factor scores for three approaches to studying (construction, rote, and review) generated from student (n = 150) responses to a questionnaire were correlated to examination and clinical performance scores. Composite factor scores were compared using a paired t-test and sign test to examine changes in study practices as students transitioned from basic science courses to clerkships. The construction approach to studying was more likely to have a positive and stronger relationship to examination scores in both courses and clerkships, but showed no significant associations with clinical performance scores. Our analyses indicated that students are more likely to increase their use of study practices associated with construction of knowledge as they transition from courses to clerkships. Although learning is a complex endeavor, students employing construction study strategies are more likely to outperform their peers who rely mostly on rote and review practices. Transitioning from basic science courses to the clerkships students tend to utilize more construction study practices suggesting that students are responsive to their learning environments when selecting study strategies.
Descriptors: Medical Education, Medical Schools, Medical Students, Learning Strategies, Study Skills, Cognitive Style, Student Surveys, Likert Scales, Clinical Experience
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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