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ERIC Number: EJ1077119
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1916-4742
A Structure Analysis of English Argumentative Writings Written by Chinese and Korean EFL Learners
Zheng, Cui
English Language Teaching, v6 n9 p67-73 2013
This study employed Kamimura and Oi (1996)'s classification of the organizational patterns of the argumentative essay structure: Thesis Statement (TS), Background Information (BI), Reservation (R), Hesitation (H), Rational Appeals (RA), Affective Appeals (AA) and Conclusion (C). 178 essays, 84 written by Chinese EFL learners, 84 written by Korean EFL learners, and 10 written by English native speakers, were coded and analyzed via NVivo. The results show that Chinese and Korean EFL learners prefer the direct deductive expressions in their English argumentative writings, which is different from Kaplan's (1966) findings. No significant difference exists in the essay structure among Chinese and Korean EFL writers' writing and the English native speakers' writings. The only difference lies in the contents of the rational and affective appeals, which are still strongly influenced by the cultural and social background. The results indicate that Chinese and Korean EFL writers, especially most of the university students are able to handle the structure of English argumentative writings with plenty of writing practice and teachers' instruction.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; South Korea
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A