ERIC Number: EJ1076858
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Lessons Learned from the Whole Child and Coordinated School Health Approaches
Rasberry, Catherine N.; Slade, Sean; Lohrmann, David K.; Valois, Robert F.
Journal of School Health, v85 n11 p759-765 Nov 2015
Background: The new Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model, designed to depict links between health and learning, is founded on concepts of coordinated school health (CSH) and a whole child approach to education. Methods: The existing literature, including scientific articles and key publications from national agencies and organizations, was reviewed and synthesized to describe (1) the historical context for CSH and a whole child approach, and (2) lessons learned from the implementation and evaluation of these approaches. Results: The literature revealed that interventions conducted in the context of CSH can improve health-related and academic outcomes, as well as policies, programs, or partnerships. Several structural elements and processes have proved useful for implementing CSH and a whole child approach in schools, including use of school health coordinators, school-level and district-level councils or teams; systematic assessment and planning; strong leadership and administrative support, particularly from school principals; integration of health-related goals into school improvement plans; and strong community collaborations. Conclusions: Lessons learned from years of experience with CSH and the whole child approaches have applicability for developing a better understanding of the WSCC model as well as maximizing and documenting its potential for impacting both health and education outcomes.
Descriptors: Integrated Services, School Health Services, Holistic Approach, Literature Reviews, Program Implementation, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A