ERIC Number: EJ1076817
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
Using the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child Model: Implications for Practice
Rooney, Laura E.; Videto, Donna M.; Birch, David A.
Journal of School Health, v85 n11 p817-823 Nov 2015
Background: Schools, school districts, and communities seeking to implement the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model should carefully and deliberately select planning, implementation, and evaluation strategies. Methods: In this article, we identify strategies, steps, and resources within each phase that can be integrated into existing processes that help improve health outcomes and academic achievement. Implementation practices may vary across districts depending upon available resources and time commitments. Results: Obtaining and maintaining administrative support at the beginning of the planning phase is imperative for identifying and implementing strategies and sustaining efforts to improve student health and academic outcomes. Strategy selection hinges on priority needs, community assets, and resources identified through the planning process. Determining the results of implementing the WSCC is based upon a comprehensive evaluation that begins during the planning phase. Evaluation guides success in attaining goals and objectives, assesses strengths and weaknesses, provides direction for program adjustment, revision, and future planning, and informs stakeholders of the effect of WSCC, including the effect on academic indicators. Conclusions: With careful planning, implementation, and evaluation efforts, use of the WSCC model has the potential of focusing family, community, and school education and health resources to increase the likelihood of better health and academic success for students and improve school and community life in the present and in the future.
Descriptors: Models, Educational Practices, Educational Change, Health Promotion, Academic Achievement, Program Implementation, Change Strategies, Strategic Planning, Educational Resources, Needs Assessment, Comprehensive School Health Education, Integrated Services, School Administration, Partnerships in Education, School Community Programs
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A