ERIC Number: EJ1076739
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
Places of Inequality, Places of Possibility: Mapping "Opportunity in Geography" across Urban School-Communities
Green, Terrance L.
Urban Review: Issues and Ideas in Public Education, v47 n4 p717-741 Nov 2015
For decades, research on geography of opportunity has indicated that where people live impacts their access to opportunities, especially education. Most research on geography of opportunity has focused on spatial inequality between low and high opportunity neighborhoods, which has unintentionally fostered narrow perspectives about low-opportunity neighborhoods that often obscure the assets within them. As such, the purpose of this study is to examine what I call "opportunity in geography," which is a conceptual and research approach that reconsiders low-opportunity, urban communities of color as not only places of inequality, but also places of possibility. To illustrate the approach, this study uses Geographic Information Systems to map institutional assets across the two lowest opportunity neighborhoods in Detroit, Michigan, according to poverty and educational attainment rates. Asset-based community development is used to conceptually frame this study and to guide the analysis. Findings indicate that, collectively, the two lowest opportunity neighborhoods in Detroit have a total of 85 institutional assets, including: 48 places of worship, 19 schools at the K-12 level, 11 community centers, 4 hospitals, 2 libraries, and 1 university. The study concludes with a discussion about the tensions in this work as well as implications for policy and future research.
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Geographic Information Systems, Urban Schools, Educational Opportunities, Access to Education, Equal Education, Poverty Areas, Neighborhoods, Educational Attainment, Community Development, Churches, Elementary Secondary Education, Community Centers, Hospitals, Libraries, Universities, School Community Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan