ERIC Number: EJ1076665
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 103
Obesity, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behavior of Youth with Learning Disabilities and ADHD
Cook, Bryan G.; Li, Dongmei; Heinrich, Katie M.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v48 n6 p563-576 Nov-Dec 2015
Obesity, physical activity, and sedentary behavior in childhood are important indicators of present and future health and are associated with school-related outcomes such as academic achievement, behavior, peer relationships, and self-esteem. Using logistic regression models that controlled for gender, age, ethnicity/race, and socioeconomic status, we investigated the likelihood that youth with learning disabilities (LD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are obese, physically active, and sedentary using a nationally representative sample of 45,897 youth in the United States from 10 to 17 years of age. Results indicated that youth with comorbid LD/ADHD were significantly more likely than peers without LD or ADHD to be obese; that youth with LD only, ADHD only, and comorbid LD/ADHD were significantly less likely to meet recommended levels of physical activity; and that youth with LD only were significantly more likely to exceed recommended levels of sedentary behavior. Medication status mediated outcomes for youth with ADHD. We offer school-based recommendations for improving health-related outcomes for students with LD and ADHD.
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activity Level, Life Style, Child Health, Child Behavior, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Socioeconomic Status, Learning Disabilities, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Adolescents, Comorbidity, Comparative Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, Body Weight, Body Height, National Surveys, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A