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ERIC Number: EJ1076333
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0735-6331
How Effective Are Pedagogical Agents for Learning? A Meta-Analytic Review
Schroeder, Noah L.; Adesope, Olusola O.; Gilbert, Rachel Barouch
Journal of Educational Computing Research, v49 n1 p1-39 Jul 2013
Research on the use of software programs and tools such as pedagogical agents has peaked over the last decade. Pedagogical agents are on-screen characters that facilitate instruction. This meta-analysis examined the effect of using pedagogical agents on learning by reviewing 43 studies involving 3,088 participants. Analysis of the results indicated that pedagogical agents produced a small but significant effect on learning. The overall mean effect size was moderated by the contextual and methodological features of the studies. The findings revealed that the use of pedagogical agents were more beneficial for K-12 students than post-secondary students. Pedagogical agents that communicated with students using on-screen text facilitated learning more effectively than agents that communicated using narration. The findings of this study have implications for advancing theory and practice, as well as highlighting productive future directions for research.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A