ERIC Number: EJ1076294
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
Factors That Influence African American Male Retention and Graduation: The Case of Gateway University, a Historically Black College and University
Farmer, Errick D.; Hope, Warren C.
Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, v17 n1 p2-17 May 2015
African American males face major challenges in retention and graduation from institutions of higher education. The 6-year graduation rate for African American males at 4-year public institutions and private nonprofit colleges is less than 40%. This figure suggests that persistence toward degree attainment is a problem. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether selected precollege- and college-level variables have a relationship to retention and graduation for African American males. Gateway University, a historically black college and university, was the site of the investigation. Three research questions were posed: (a) What precollege variables best predict retention and graduation for African American males? (b) What college-level variables best predict retention and graduation for African American males? and (c) What combination of precollege- and college-level variables best predict retention and graduation for African American males? Five-hundred and sixty-two African American males, entering freshmen for the 2005-2006 academic year, comprised the sample. Inferential analyses, including bivariate relationships, cross-tabulations, chi-square and logistic regression, were performed to determine relationships between the independent (predictor) and dependent (criterion) variables. The results reveal that (a) students with higher high-school grade point averages (GPAs) were more likely to be retained and graduate than those with lower GPAs, (b) students with higher first semester GPAs were more likely to be retained and to graduate than those with lower first semester GPAs, (c) residents of the state were most likely to be retained than nonresidents, and (d) residents of the state and students with higher first semester GPAs were more likely to be retained and graduate than those with lower first semester GPAs.
Descriptors: African American Students, Males, Black Colleges, College Students, Graduation Rate, Academic Persistence, Predictor Variables, School Holding Power, Statistical Analysis, High School Students, Grade Point Average, Place of Residence, Age Differences, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, Majors (Students), Student Financial Aid, College Freshmen, Remedial Instruction, College Credits, Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)