ERIC Number: EJ1076290
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
The Influence of Students' Pre-College Characteristics, High School Experiences, College Expectations, and Initial Enrollment Characteristics on Degree Attainment
Pike, Gary R.; Hansen, Michele J.; Childress, Janice E.
Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, v16 n1 p1-23 May 2014
The present research examined the extent to which pre-college characteristics, high school experiences, college expectations, and initial enrollment characteristics were related to graduation from college. Data from admission applications, the "ACT Compass" survey, and initial enrollment measures for Fall 2004 and Fall 2005 first-time students were analyzed. Because almost one-third of the students had missing data, multiple imputation procedures were utilized. Results revealed that several measures of student characteristics, high school experiences, college expectations, and initial enrollment characteristics were consistently related to degree attainment. Other variables were related to a single degree-attainment measure. These results demonstrated that pre-matriculation data can be used to identify at-risk students, identify risk factors, and provide institution-specific benchmarks for evaluating efforts to improve degree attainment.
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Educational Experience, Correlation, Expectation, College Students, Enrollment, Computer Assisted Testing, College Entrance Examinations, Graduation, Predictor Variables, Risk, At Risk Students, Research Universities, Urban Schools, Measures (Individuals), Time to Degree, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment; COMPASS (Computer Assisted Test)