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ERIC Number: EJ1075869
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2141-6656
Spatial Dependency and Contextual Effects on Academic Achievement
Matlock, Ki; Song, Joon Jin; Goering, Christian Z.
International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies, v6 n3 p32-42 Mar 2014
This study investigated the influences of district-related variables on a district's academic performance. Arkansas augmented benchmark examination scores were used to measure a district's scholastic achievement. Spatial analysis fit each district's performance to its geographical location; spatial autocorrelation measured the amount of influence one district's scores has on its neighbours. Regression, both ordinary least squares regression (OLS) and spatial auto regression (SAR), quantified how much a district's academic scores were accounted for by the proportion of white students enrolled, the appraised value of property within a district, and the proportion of students receiving federally assisted lunches. The OLS model was able to account for 30% to 60% of the variation in scores. When ethnicity was predominately white, the district's scores were higher; the more federally assisted lunches a district's enrolment received, the lower scores tended to be. Spatial analysis indicated that a district's performance was highly influenced by the surrounding districts. Major findings showed that, for 2008 data, once fit to an OLS regression model, the spatial dependency completely disappears for mathematics responses, but not literacy. Similar results were seen in 2009 and 2010, though they were not as systematically patterned.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A